India’s Bank Brands Surge Ahead with Pioneering Use of Tech
India’s banks have triumphed in the latest edition of the Brand Finance Banking 500. The study, conducted by leading brand valuation and strategy consultancy Brand Finance, and published in the February edition of The Banker, is a league table of the world’s biggest banks, ranked by their brand value.
Economic reforms, increased infrastructure investment and a greater focus on tackling bureaucracy have boosted economic forecasts and investor confidence, laying the foundations for India’s brands to grow.
State Bank of India continues to lead the field as India’s most valuable banking brand. It has added $2.5 billion to reach a total of $6.6 billion. Its growth is not reliant on India’s economic performance alone. SBI’s pioneering approach to mobile banking has also driven performance; 12.5 million customers transacted via their mobiles in 2014 compared to 8.57 million in 2013. This has put SBI at the forefront of mobile banking in India, with its customers’ mobile transactions accounting for half of all mobile transactions in the country. Average transaction amounts also increased to over 7000 rupees last year suggesting that mobile is becoming an increasingly significant force in retail banking.
ICICI Bank, India’s 2nd most valuable bank brand, has also performed well. 49% growth takes its total to $2.5 billion. Like SBI, ICICI has been proactive in embracing new technology, having introduced the country’s first contactless cards, mobile payment systems and internet banking. To solidify the association of technological innovation with its brand, ICICI has created a ‘digital village’, transforming the rural community of Akodara in Gujurat into a hub of 21st century connectivity. The site showcases the transformative effect this can have on poor rural populations; thanks to ICICI’s tab banking, all of Akodara’s adults now have savings accounts.
Private sector lender IndusInd bank appears in the Banking 500 for the first time, securing a mid-table rank with a brand value of $312m. IndusInd has seen profits surge by around 30% in the past two quarters, one factor behind its brand value growth. Digitization has been a key focus for IndusInd, which recently launched ‘Video Branch’, which will allow for face-to-face interaction with bank managers for all its customers via computers and Android or Apple smartphones.
Yes Bank is another new entrant in the Brand Finance Banking 500. Its brand value is, up 59% to $204m. It has gained greatly from Narendra Modhi’s appointment. In the wake of Modi’s election in May, Yes Bank managed to raise US$ 500m in share sales to institutional investors as demand surged following his pledges to boost growth.
Brand Finance CEO David Haigh comments, “Technological advances are opening up exciting new opportunities for India’s banks as swathes of the population begin to bank more formally. Their brand managers may need to forge new brand strategies to reach these customers most effectively while maintaining the trust and loyalty of existing ones.”
Chinese Brands Threaten America's Banking Primacy
Wells Fargo remains the world’s most valuable bank brand. Following growth of 15%, its total value stands at $34.9bn. Some other US banks have registered respectable brand value growth such as Citi and Chase (both up 7%) while others such as Bank of America (-4%), Goldman Sachs (-7%) and JP Morgan (-15%) are in the doldrums.
JP Morgan chief executive Jamie Dimon recently expressed concerns that overregulated western banks might be superseded by Chinese brands. Brand Finance’s research would appear to bear that out. ICBC has moved from 6th to 2nd place in the rankings, overtaking HSBC which is now in 3rd globally. China Construction Bank, which has already overtaken HSBC in terms of market capitalisation, has grown its brand by 39% to overtake Citi, BoA and Chase. Spain’s Santander has been pushed to the bottom of the top ten by Bank of China and Agricultural Bank of China.
European banks have had an even less successful year than those from the US. Total Spanish bank brand values are down 2%, for the UK the figure is -3%, Italy -5%, Germany -6% and France -19%.
QNB is the most valuable bank from the Middle East or Africa. Its brand value is up 44% to $2.6bn. It exemplifies the rapid growth of many Gulf and developing world bank brands. The top ten fastest growing countries are Morocco (+98%), India (+61%), Nigeria (+52%), UAE (+45%), Colombia (+44%), Qatar (+44%), the Philippines (+43%), Saudi Arabia (+40%), China (+29%) and Bahrain (+29%).
Note to Editors
Brand values for 2015 are calculated in USD with a valuation date of 1/1/15. All IRP figures are based on the exchange rate against the dollar as at that date.
The study has been published annually in the February edition of the Financial Times’ ‘The Banker’ magazine since 2006. Full results can be found on Brand Finance’s website or at thebanker.com/topbankingbrands from February 2nd.
To coincide with the release of the Banker / Brand Finance Banking 500, Brand Finance is hosting an event on February 10th. Speakers include Mark Mullen, chief executive of Atom Bank, David Yates, chief executive of Vocalink, Brian Spoule, chief economist at the IOD and Brian Caplen, editor of The Banker. More information can be found on our events website. To attend please email [email protected].
Brand Finance is the world’s leading brand valuation consultancy. Bridging the gap between marketing and finance, Brand Finance evaluates the strength of brands and quantifies their financial value to help organisations of all kinds make strategic decisions.
Headquartered in London, Brand Finance has offices in over 20 countries, offering services on all continents. Every year, Brand Finance conducts more than 5,000 brand valuations, supported by original market research, and publishes nearly 100 reports which rank brands across all sectors and countries.
Brand Finance is a regulated accountancy firm, leading the standardisation of the brand valuation industry. Brand Finance was the first to be certified by independent auditors as compliant with both ISO 10668 and ISO 20671, and has received the official endorsement of the Marketing Accountability Standards Board (MASB) in the United States.
Brand is defined as a marketing-related intangible asset including, but not limited to, names, terms, signs, symbols, logos, and designs, intended to identify goods, services, or entities, creating distinctive images and associations in the minds of stakeholders, thereby generating economic benefits.
Brand strength is the efficacy of a brand’s performance on intangible measures relative to its competitors. Brand Finance evaluates brand strength in a process compliant with ISO 20671, looking at Marketing Investment, Stakeholder Equity, and the impact of those on Business Performance. The data used is derived from Brand Finance’s proprietary market research programme and from publicly available sources.
Each brand is assigned a Brand Strength Index (BSI) score out of 100, which feeds into the brand value calculation. Based on the score, each brand is assigned a corresponding Brand Rating up to AAA+ in a format similar to a credit rating.
Brand Finance calculates the values of brands in its rankings using the Royalty Relief approach – a brand valuation method compliant with the industry standards set in ISO 10668. It involves estimating the likely future revenues that are attributable to a brand by calculating a royalty rate that would be charged for its use, to arrive at a ‘brand value’ understood as a net economic benefit that a brand owner would achieve by licensing the brand in the open market.
The steps in this process are as follows:
1 Calculate brand strength using a balanced scorecard of metrics assessing Marketing Investment, Stakeholder Equity, and Business Performance. Brand strength is expressed as a Brand Strength Index (BSI) score on a scale of 0 to 100.
2 Determine royalty range for each industry, reflecting the importance of brand to purchasing decisions. In luxury, the maximum percentage is high, while in extractive industry, where goods are often commoditised, it is lower. This is done by reviewing comparable licensing agreements sourced from Brand Finance’s extensive database.
3 Calculate royalty rate. The BSI score is applied to the royalty range to arrive at a royalty rate. For example, if the royalty range in a sector is 0-5% and a brand has a BSI score of 80 out of 100, then an appropriate royalty rate for the use of this brand in the given sector will be 4%.
4 Determine brand-specific revenues by estimating a proportion of parent company revenues attributable to a brand.
5 Determine forecast revenues using a function of historic revenues, equity analyst forecasts, and economic growth rates.
6 Apply the royalty rate to the forecast revenues to derive brand revenues.
7 Discount post-tax brand revenues to a net present value which equals the brand value.
Brand Finance has produced this study with an independent and unbiased analysis. The values derived and opinions presented in this study are based on publicly available information and certain assumptions that Brand Finance used where such data was deficient or unclear. Brand Finance accepts no responsibility and will not be liable in the event that the publicly available information relied upon is subsequently found to be inaccurate. The opinions and financial analysis expressed in the study are not to be construed as providing investment or business advice. Brand Finance does not intend the study to be relied upon for any reason and excludes all liability to any body, government, or organisation.
The data presented in this study form part of Brand Finance's proprietary database, are provided for the benefit of the media, and are not to be used in part or in full for any commercial or technical purpose without written permission from Brand Finance.